December 2017, Edward Elgar Encyclopedia of Environmental Law
— Systematic review of documents evidencing the application or inclusion of biodiversity offset principles in policy frameworks concerning the marine environment, and in marine development projects.
— Biodiversity offsetting policies applicable to marine environments were found to exist in six countries (US, Canada, Australia, France, Germany, Colombia) and have been actively considered in at least 27 others.
— Evidence suggests that where offsetting policy is developed for specific marine application, the preferred approach is to pool financial contributions from developers into funds for strategic action for biodiversity benefit.
— Documents the shortcomings of the existing governance architecture for mining.
— Builds on the ‘social licence to operate’ and draws from its limitations to propose a new framework called the ‘sustainable development licence to operate’—a holistic multi-level and multi-stakeholder governance framework aimed at enhancing the contribution of the mining sector to sustainable development.
— Analysis should be viewed as a starting point, in recognition that the development of a robust sustainable development licence to operate depends on an open and inclusive approach to populating its normative content.
August 2016, Working Paper, University College London, International Institute for Environment and Development
Realising the Potential of Our Oceans and Coasts, with UCL, IIED, ISU, and WWF
December 2010, Yearbook of International Environmental Law